Adhyatma Chintane – Issue #14: The Meaning Of The Word “Purushottama”


Today we will learn the meaning of the word “puruShottama.” This is actually another name for Lord naaraayaNa.

In the Bhagavad Gita, kRishNa paramatma says “dwavimou puruShou loke, xara axara eva cha,” meaning, there are two types of people (jiivas) xara (whose bodies are destroyed during praLaya) and axara (whose bodies are not destroyed during praLaya).

Here puruSha refers to both xara and axara. Uttama means superior. So Lord naaraayaNa is superior when compared to both jiivas. That is the reason why he is called “puruShottama”.

Note: All beings except Laxmi devi come under xara. Laxmi devi is called axara.

Feel free to offer your suggestion or correct any mistake in the comments section.

Naham Kartha Harih Kartha


For newcomers, Adhyatma Chintane is a weekly column by my school friend R, where he discusses all things spiritual, in readily understandable tidbits. The purpose is to spread awareness about our culture and tradition, which is increasingly becoming a distant memory. A new issue will be delivered to your inbox/feed reader every Monday morning.

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4 thoughts on “Adhyatma Chintane – Issue #14: The Meaning Of The Word “Purushottama”

  1. ಸ್ವಾಮಿಗಳೇ, ‘xara’ ಮತ್ತೆ ‘axara’ವನ್ನು ಹೇಗೆ ಉಚ್ಚರಿಸೋದು ಹೇಳ್ತೀರಾ?

    ಸಾಧ್ಯವಾದರೆ ಹಣವನ್ನು ‘ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮಿ’ಎಂದು ಏಕೆ ಕರೆಯುವುದು? ಹಾಗೆ ‘ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀಶ’ ಮತ್ತು ‘ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮಿನಾರಾಯಣ’ – ಇದರ ವ್ಯಾಖ್ಯಾನ?


  2. xara is actually kshara
    axara is actually akshara

    When we write sanskrit words in english it is written in this way

    lakshmi’s odaya is lakshmiisha. It refers to naaraayaNaa.

    since lakshmi and naaraayaNaa are always together, there is no viyoga between these 2, lord is referred to as lakshminaarayaNaa

    since lakshmi is considered the bestower of wealth, money is referred as lakshmi. I do not know the exact reason for this.

  3. ಅಡ್ಬಿದ್ದೆ ಪ್ರಭುಗಳೆ. ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀಶ ಎನ್ನುವ ಪದ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮಿ ಈಶ ಅಂದುಕೊಂಡೆ.
    ಅದರಿಂದ ಶುರು ಆಗಿದ್ದು ‘ನಾರಾಯಣ’ ಮತ್ತು ‘ಈಶ್ವರ’ನ ಧ್ವಂಧ್ವ. ಸಹಜವಾದ ಅರ್ಥದಲ್ಲಿ ‘ಈಶ’ ಅಂದರೆ ಈಶ್ವರ ಎಂಬ ತಪ್ಪು ಭಾವನೆ. ಹುಚ್ಚು ಕುದುರೆಗೆ ಸರಿಯಾದ ದಾರಿ ತೋರಿದ್ದಕ್ಕೆ ಧನ್ಯವಾದಗಳು.

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